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MSP, APMC and Mandis


  • 63%

    MSP, APMC and Mandis

    Overall, around 63% farmers reported that they have sold their crop produce at MSP. Percentage of farmers selling their agricultural produce at MSP was more in the case of medium and large farmers (75%) in comparison to the small and marginal farmers (58%).

    The survey analysed region-wise farmers selling crop produce at MSP and found in the south region (Kerala, Telangana, Andhra Pradesh) highest proportion (78%) farmers sell their produce at MSP; followed by the northwest region (75%) of Punjab, Haryana and Himachal Pradesh; west region (71%) of Maharashtra, Gujarat and Madhya Pradesh; east-north east region (66%) of West Bengal, Assam, Odisha and Chhattisgarh. The lowest proportion of farmers selling agricultural produce at MSP was in the north region at 26% only (Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, Uttarakhand).

    We found sarkari mandi/APMC to be the most preferred medium of selling (36%) by the farmers. The largest proportion of farmers in the northwest region (78%), which includes the states of Punjab, Haryana and Himachal Pradesh, preferred selling to the sarkari mandi/APMC. The second most preferred medium of selling at the national level was selling to private traders (25.6%).  This medium of selling to private traders was found to be more popular in the north region (40%) followed by the south region (32%). The least preferred medium of selling agricultural produce reportedly was to private company/corporation (2%).